Wednesday, 30 December 2015

Traditional Wedding Customs of EWE Tribe in Ghana

One of Africa’s most exciting cultures is our traditional wedding custom and ceremony. These weddings are uniquely fashioned to suit the life of those that relate to such customs. Delicious foods, drinks and beautiful dancing style are also never left out. Most traditional weddings in Ghana are similar in one way or the other but with some variations depending on the tribe. 

The EWES are mostly found in Ghana (Volta Region), a few of them have also found in Togo and Southern Benin republic. They speak EWE language, the EWES are essentially patrilineal and they are also accommodating and very friendly people.

Today we will be looking into the traditional wedding customs of EWE tribe in Ghana 

TRADITIONAL WEDDING CUSTOM
Marriages among the EWES are patrilocal. When a man finds a woman to marry, he informs his people about his intention. His father will send his sister or the groom mother’s sister to the girl’s parent to arrange and ask for her hand in marriage. After listening to what their prospective in-laws got to say, the girl’s father will ask for time for him to speak with his daughter about the issue and also inform his people/kindred. During this time the bride’s family inquires about the man (groom) and his family, to see if there are any questionable traits or character associated with them.
When the bride’s parent are satisfied with the outcome of the investigation and the girl, in her part agreed to the proposal, words are sent out to the groom’s representatives informing them of the positive result (the bride’s family have agreed to go ahead with the traditional wedding plan). A date is set for a second coming – two bottles of gin or whiskey are offered by the groom’s representatives, this payment is known as door knocking.

The Wedding Process
The wedding procedures kick off immediately, both families sent words to their far relatives informing them of their children’s traditional wedding. Some Community bride-price is on the high side, so the groom and family join forces to raise the entire requirement.  
When bride-price payment is ready, the groom’s parent and his maternal aunties goes to girls home to pay for hand in marriage and also settle other requirement (dotting the i's and crossing the t's of the whole marriage issues). This signified formal handling over of the bride to her new home. After that the two families fix a date for the traditional wedding ceremony.

The Wedding Ceremony
Most Ewes traditional wedding ceremonies do take place in the groom’s family home. The event most time kicks off in the evening when all must have been back from farm, market or fishing.
The bride is accompanied to her husband home by her mother’s sister, father’s sister, her friends and little girls. They present a bundle of marriage cloth. The groom’s father received the bride and give thanks to the messengers. Prayers and libations are offered for a fruitful union; both parents took turn to advice the new couple.
The ceremony is mark with elaborate celebration, dancing and merriment. Entertainment and performance by local artiste is not left out. Assorted traditional foods and drinks are served to guest. Everyone goes home happy after the celebration.

LIST OF ITEMS FOR THE BRIDE-PRICE
16 pair of white singlet (for bride’s father)
7kg of snuff (for bride’s father)
5 piece of multi-colour towels (for bride’s father)
10 piece of multi-colour vest (for bride’s mother)
12 set of chewing sticks
2 set of cooking utensil (for bride’s mother)
1 drum of akpeteshie (home-brewed alcoholic drink)
6 set of local print wrappers
6 set of under garment/ wears.
Plots of land for farming.

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